这篇文章主要介绍了PHP对象、模式与实践之高级特性,结合实例形式分析了php面向对象程序设计中的静态属性和方法、抽象类、接口、拦截器、克隆对象等概念与简单实现方法,需要的朋友可以参考下

具体如下:

高级特性

包括:

1.静态方法和属性(通过类而不是对象来访问数据和功能)
2.抽象类和接口(设计,实现分离)
3.错误处理(异常)
4.Final类和方法(限制继承)
5.拦截器(自动委托)
6.析构方法(对象销毁前的清理工作)
7.克隆对象(创建对象的副本)
8.把对象解析成字符串

PS,学会从内存的角度看代码。想象计算机的微观世界。

静态方法的小例子

<?php class StaticExample{ static public $aNum = 10; static public function sayHello(){ print "hello"; } } print StaticExample::$aNum."<br/>"; StaticExample::sayHello();

tips:

1.静态方法不能访问类中的普通属性,因为那些属性属于一个对象,但可以访问静态属性。
2.我们不能再对象中调用静态方法,因此不能再静态方法中使用伪变量$this。

静态方法的大例子

<?php class ShopProduct{ private $title; private $producerMainName; private $producerFirstName; protected $price; private $discount = 0; private $id = 0; function __construct($title,$firstName,$mainName,$price){ $this->title = $title; $this->producerFirstName = $firstName; $this->producerMainName = $mainName; $this->price = $price; } public function setID($id){ $this->id = $id; } public static function getInstance($id,PDO $pdo){ $query = "select * from products where id= '$id'"; $stmt = $pdo->query($query); $row = $stmt->fetch(); if(empty($row)){ return null; } if($row['type'] == "book"){ $product = new BookProduct($row['title'], $row['firstname'], $row['mainname'], $row['price'], $row['numpages'] ); }else if($row['type'] == "cd"){ $product = new CdProduct($row['title'], $row['firstname'], $row['mainname'], $row['price'], $row['playLength'] ); }else{ $product = new ShopProduct($row['title'], $row['firstname'], $row['mainname'], $row['price'] ); } $product->setId($row['id']); $product->setDiscount($row['discount']); return $product; } public function getProducerFirstName(){ return $this->producerFirstName; } public function getProducerMainName(){ return $this->producerMainName; } public function setDiscount($num){ $this->discount = $num; } public function getDiscount(){ return $this->discount; } public function getTitle(){ return $this->title; } public function getPrice(){ return ($this->price - $this->discount); } function getProducer(){ return $this->producerFirstName." ".$this->producerMainName; } function getSummaryLine(){ $base = "$this->title({$this->producerMainName},"; $base .= "{$this->producerFirstName})"; return $base; } } class CdProduct extends ShopProduct{ private $playLength; function __construct($title,$firstName,$mainName,$price,$playLength){ parent::__construct($title,$firstName,$mainName,$price);//继承父类的构造函数 $this->playLength = $playLength; } function getPlayLength(){ return $this->playLength; } function getSummaryLine(){ $base = parent::getSummaryLine(); $base .= ":playing time {$this->playLength}"; return $base; } } class BookProduct extends ShopProduct{ private $numPages = 0; function __construct($title,$firstName,$mainName,$price,$numPages){ parent::__construct($title,$firstName,$mainName,$price); $this->numPages = $numPages; } function getnumPages(){ return $this->numPages; } function getSummaryLine(){ $base = parent::getSummaryLine(); $base .= ":page count {$this->numPages}"; return $base; } } $dsn = "sqlite:C:/Users/Administrator/Desktop/shop.db"; $pdo = new PDO($dsn,null,null); $pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE,PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION); $obj = ShopProduct::getInstance(1,$pdo); echo $obj->getSummaryLine();

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助。


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