这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了php微信开发自定义菜单,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

目前微信服务号自定义菜单最多包括3个一级菜单,每个一级菜单最多包含5个二级菜单。一级菜单最多4个汉字,二级菜单最多7个汉字,多出来的部分将会以“...”代替。请注意,创建自定义菜单后,由于微信客户端缓存,需要24小时微信客户端才会展现出来。建议测试时可以尝试取消关注公众账号后再次关注,则可以看到创建后的效果。

目前自定义菜单接口可实现两种类型按钮,如下:
click:用户点击click类型按钮后,微信服务器会通过消息接口推送消息类型为event 的结构给开发者(参考消息接口指南),并且带上按钮中开发者填写的key值,开发者可以通过自定义的key值与用户进行交互;
view:
用户点击view类型按钮后,微信客户端将会打开开发者在按钮中填写的url值 (即网页链接),达到打开网页的目的,建议与网页授权获取用户基本信息接口结合,获得用户的登入个人信息。

接口调用请求说明http请求方式:POST(请使用https协议) https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/create?access_token=ACCESS_TOKEN
请求示例(JSON数据请使用UTF-8编码)

{ "button":[ {"type":"click","name":"我的信息","sub_button":[ {"type":"click","name":"拇指查询","key":"BUTTON_1"}, {"type":"click","name":"拇指请假","key":"BUTTON_2"}, {"type":"view","name":"工号绑定","url":""}] }, {"type":"click","name":"业务流程","key":"BUTTON_3"}, {"name":"员工建议","sub_button":[ {"type":"view","name":"思想火花","url":""}, {"type":"view","name":"奖品兑换","url":""}, {"type":"click","name":"赞一下我们","key":"BUTTON_ZAN"}] } ] }

参数说明

php微信开发自定义菜单的方法分享-php教程-PHP中文网

返回结果
正确时的返回JSON数据包如下:
{"errcode":0,"errmsg":"ok"}
错误时的返回JSON数据包如下(示例为无效菜单名长度):
{"errcode":40018,"errmsg":"invalid button name size"}

以下是示例代码(PHP)。

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html xmlns="" lang="zh-CN"> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" /> <meta name="author" content="Chris Mao" /> </head> <body> <?php $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/token?grant_type=client_credential&appid=APPID&secret=APPSECRET"; $ch = curl_init($url); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 0); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE); $output = curl_exec($ch); curl_close($ch); if (empty($output)) { var_dump($output); exit; } $result = json_decode($output); $token = $result->access_token; //创建菜单 $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/create?access_token=$token"; $jsonData = file_get_contents("menu.json"); $ch = curl_init($url); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $jsonData); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE); $output = curl_exec($ch); curl_close($ch); var_dump($output); ?> </body> </html>

menu.json

{ "button":[ {"type":"click","name":"我的信息","sub_button":[ {"type":"click","name":"拇指查询","key":"BUTTON_1"}, {"type":"click","name":"拇指请假","key":"BUTTON_2"}, {"type":"view","name":"工号绑定","url":""}] }, {"type":"click","name":"业务流程","key":"BUTTON_3"}, {"name":"员工建议","sub_button":[ {"type":"view","name":"思想火花","url":""}, {"type":"view","name":"奖品兑换","url":""}, {"type":"click","name":"赞一下我们","key":"BUTTON_ZAN"}] } ] }

响应自定义菜单事件

$wechatObj = new wechatCallbackAPI(); if (isset($_GET["echostr"])) { $wechatObj->valid(); } else { $wechatObj->responseMsg(); } class wechatCallbackAPI { private $token = "WEIXIN"; private $appId = "APPID"; private $appSecret = "APPSECRET"; private function checkSignature() { $signature = $_GET["signature"]; $timestamp = $_GET["timestamp"]; $nonce = $_GET["nonce"]; $tmpArr = array($this->token, $timestamp, $nonce); sort($tmpArr); $tmpStr = implode($tmpArr); $tmpStr = sha1($tmpStr); if($tmpStr == $signature) { return true; } else { return false; } } private function getAccessToken() { $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/token?grant_type=client_credential&appid=$this->appId&secret=$this->appSecret"; $ch = curl_init($url); $curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0); $curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); $curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 0); $curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE); $curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE); $output = curl_exec($ch); curl_close($ch); if (empty($output)) { return ""; } $result = json_decode($result); return $result->access_token; } public function valid() { $echoStr = $_GET["echostr"]; //valid signature, option if($this->checkSignature()){ echo $echoStr; exit; } } public function responseMsg() { //get post data, May be due to the different environments $postStr = $GLOBALS["HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA"]; if (empty($postStr)){ echo ""; exit; } //extract post data $postObj = simplexml_load_string($postStr, 'SimpleXMLElement', LIBXML_NOCDATA); $fromUsername = $postObj->FromUserName; $toUsername = $postObj->ToUserName; $time = time(); //文本消息模板 $textTpl = "<xml> <ToUserName><![CDATA[%s]]></ToUserName> <FromUserName><![CDATA[%s]]></FromUserName> <CreateTime>%s</CreateTime> <MsgType><![CDATA[%s]]></MsgType> <Content><![CDATA[%s]]></Content> <FuncFlag>0</FuncFlag> </xml>"; switch (strtolower(trim($postObj->MsgType))) { case "text": //文本消息 $keyword = trim($postObj->Content); if(!empty($keyword)) { $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您发送了文本信息: $keyword "; if (strtolower($keyword) == "time") { $contentStr = date("Y-m-d H:i:s", $time); } $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); } else { $resultStr = "Input something..."; } break; case "image": //图片消息 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您发送了图片信息"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "voice": //声音消息 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您发送了声音信息"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "video": //视频消息 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您发送了视频信息"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "location": //位置消息 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您发送了位置信息"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "link": //链接消息 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您发送了链接信息"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "event": //事件 switch (strtolower(trim($postObj->Event))) { case "subscribe": //关注事件 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "欢迎您关注XXXXXXX"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "unsubscribe": //取消关注事件 break; case "scan": //用户已关注时扫描二维码事件 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您扫描了二维码"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "location": //上传地理位置事件 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您上传地理位置"; $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); break; case "click": //自定义菜单事件 $msgType = "text"; $contentStr = "$fromUsername, 您点击了自定义菜单 $postObj->EventKey "; if ("BUTTON_ZAN" == $postObj->EventKey) { $contentStr = "感谢您的赞,我们会继续提供更优质的服务。"; } $resultStr = sprintf($textTpl, $fromUsername, $toUsername, $time, $msgType, $contentStr); ; break; default: $resultStr = ""; } break; default: $resultStr = ""; } echo $resultStr; } } ?>

自定义菜单查询

使用接口创建自定义菜单后,开发者还可使用接口查询自定义菜单的结构。

请求说明
http请求方式:GET
https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/get?access_token=ACCESS_TOKEN

返回说明
对应创建接口,正确的Json返回结果:

复制代码 代码如下: