这次给大家带来webpack脚手架使用优化,webpack脚手架优化的注意事项有哪些,下面就是实战案例,一起来看一下。

在之前的文章中了解了webpack v4的特性,现在将知识用于实践,对之前写的一个react脚手架进行打包性能的优化。

优化类目

样式分离

第三方资源分离

区分开发环境

热更新

提取公共代码

1. CSS分离

npm install extract-text-webpack-plugin -D

webpack.config.js

将css、less、sass文件单独从打包文件中分离

+ let cssExtract = new ExtractTextWebpackPlugin({ + filename: 'css.css', + allChunks: true + }); + let sassExtract = new ExtractTextWebpackPlugin('sass.css') + let lessExtract = new ExtractTextWebpackPlugin('less.css')

在webpack.config.js中单独添加规则,

test:匹配处理文件的扩展名的正则表达式

include/exclude手动指定必须处理的文件夹或屏蔽不需要处理的文件夹

{ test: /\.css$/, use: cssExtract.extract({ fallback: "style-loader", use: ['css-loader?minimize','postcss-loader'], publicPath: "/dist" }), include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ }, { test: /\.scss$/, use: sassExtract.extract({ fallback: "style-loader", use: ["css-loader?minimize","sass-loader"], publicPath: "/dist" }), include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ }, { test: /\.less$/, loader: lessExtract.extract({ use: ["css-loader?minimize", "less-loader"] }), include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ },

然后运行webpack命令时报错

compilation.mainTemplate.applyPluginsWaterfall is not a function

Use Chunks.groupsIterable and filter by instanceof Entrypoint instead

研究得出结论:webpack升级到v4然而响应的插件没有升级的原故。

解决方法:安装指定版本的依赖

"html-webpack-plugin": "^3.0.4" "extract-text-webpack-plugin": "^4.0.0-beta.0"

resolve

指定extension之后可以不用在require或是import的时候加文件扩展名,会依次尝试添加扩展名进行匹配

resolve: { //引入模块的时候,可以不用扩展名 extensions: [".js", ".less", ".json"], alias: {//别名 "bootstrap": "bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css" } }

监听文件修改

webpack模式下使用,webpack-dev-server模式不用,可以将watch改为false

watchOptions: { ignored: /node_modules/, aggregateTimeout: 300, //监听到变化发生后等300ms再去执行动作,防止文件更新太快导致编译频率太高 poll: 1000 //通过不停的询问文件是否改变来判断文件是否发生变化,默认每秒询问1000次 }

提取公共代码

optimization: { splitChunks: { cacheGroups: { commons: { chunks: "initial", minChunks: 2, maxInitialRequests: 5, // The default limit is too small to showcase the effect minSize: 0 // This is example is too small to create commons chunks }, vendor: { test: /node_modules/, chunks: "initial", name: "vendor", priority: 10, enforce: true } } } }

分离react react-dom ant公共代码

方法一:externals

在页面上引入第三方资源库,然后使用externals防止将某些 import 的包(package)打包到 bundle 中,而是在运行时(runtime)再去从外部获取这些扩展依赖(external dependencies)。

<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/react/16.4.0-alpha.0911da3/cjs/react.production.min.js"></script> <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/react-dom/16.4.0-alpha.0911da3/cjs/react-dom-server.browser.production.min.js"></script> externals: { 'react': 'React', 'react-dom': 'ReactDOM', // 提出ant design的公共资源, }

方法二:DLL

DLL在上篇文章中写过,但是打包后一直出现

后来才发现是页面上没有引入资源。。。。(我一直以为会webpack自动生成在页面上....)

在index.html文件中引入

<script src="./vendor/react.dll.js"></script>

分离成功!上代码

webpack.base.js

var path = require('path'); var webpack = require('webpack'); var ExtractTextWebpackPlugin = require("extract-text-webpack-plugin"); const HtmlWebpackPlugin = require("html-webpack-plugin"); const CleanWebpackPlugin = require('clean-webpack-plugin'); const CopyWebpackPlugin = require('copy-webpack-plugin') let cssExtract = new ExtractTextWebpackPlugin({ filename: 'css.css', allChunks: true }); let sassExtract = new ExtractTextWebpackPlugin('sass.css') let lessExtract = new ExtractTextWebpackPlugin('less.css') module.exports = { entry:'./src/index.js', output: { path: path.resolve(dirname, './dist'), filename: 'bundle.[hash:8].js', publicPath: '' }, resolve: { //引入模块的时候,可以不用扩展名 extensions: [".js", ".less", ".json"], alias: {//别名 "bootstrap": "bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css" }, modules: [path.resolve(dirname, 'node_modules')] }, /* externals: { 'react': 'React', 'react-dom': 'ReactDOM', // 提出ant design的公共资源 //'antd': 'antd', },*/ devtool: 'source-map', devServer: { contentBase:path.resolve(dirname,'dist'), publicPath: '/', port: 8080, hot:true, compress:true, historyApiFallback: true, inline: true }, watch: false, //只有在开启监听模式时,watchOptions才有意义 watchOptions: { ignored: /node_modules/, aggregateTimeout: 300, //监听到变化发生后等300ms再去执行动作,防止文件更新太快导致编译频率太高 poll: 1000 //通过不停的询问文件是否改变来判断文件是否发生变化,默认每秒询问1000次 }, optimization: { splitChunks: { cacheGroups: { commons: { chunks: "initial", minChunks: 2, maxInitialRequests: 5, // The default limit is too small to showcase the effect minSize: 0 // This is example is too small to create commons chunks }, vendor: { test: /node_modules/, chunks: "initial", name: "vendor", priority: 10, enforce: true } } } }, module: { rules:[ { test: /\.js$/, use: { loader:'babel-loader', options: { presets: ['env','es2015', 'react'], } }, include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ }, { test: /\.css$/, use: cssExtract.extract({ fallback: "style-loader", use: ['css-loader?minimize','postcss-loader'], publicPath: "/dist" }), include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ }, { test: /\.scss$/, use: sassExtract.extract({ fallback: "style-loader", use: ["css-loader?minimize","sass-loader"], publicPath: "/dist" }), include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ }, { test: /\.less$/, loader: lessExtract.extract({ use: ["css-loader?minimize", "less-loader"] }), include:path.join(dirname,'./src'), exclude:/node_modules/ }, { test: /\.(html|htm)/, use: 'html-withimg-loader' }, { test: /\.(png|jpg|gif|svg|bmp|eot|woff|woff2|ttf)/, use: { loader:'url-loader', options:{ limit: 5 * 1024, //指定拷贝文件的输出目录 outputPath: 'images/' } } } ] }, plugins: [ //定义环境变量 new webpack.DefinePlugin({ development: JSON.stringify(process.env.NODE_ENV) }), new CleanWebpackPlugin(['dist']), cssExtract, lessExtract, sassExtract, new HtmlWebpackPlugin({ title: 'React Biolerplate by YuanYuan', template: './src/index.html', filename: `index.html`, hash: true }), new webpack.DllReferencePlugin({ manifest: path.join(dirname, 'vendor', 'react.manifest.json') }), new CopyWebpackPlugin([{ from: path.join(dirname,'vendor'),//静态资源目录源地址 to:'./vendor' //目标地址,相对于output的path目录 }]), /* new webpack.optimize.CommonsChunkPlugin({ name: 'common' // 指定公共 bundle 的名称。 + })*/ new webpack.HotModuleReplacementPlugin(), // 热替换插件 new webpack.NamedModulesPlugin() // 执行热替换时打印模块名字 ] };